The Green Gang, Chiang Kai-shek, and the Republic of China

The Origins of the Green Gang The origins of the Green Gang can be traced back to the 15th century, when a spiritual leader named Luo Qing (羅清, pinyin: Luó Qīng) founded a Buddhist sect, the Patriarch Luo Sect. The sect evolved from the famous White Lotus, which had played a major role in the overthrow … Continue reading The Green Gang, Chiang Kai-shek, and the Republic of China

Legalist Tradition And Criminal Law – Republic Of China vs People’s Republic Of China

In a previous post we have demonstrated that the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) contains fundamental elements which are consistent with, if not directly derived from, Legalist principles. In this chapter we shall analyse and compare the Legalist elements contained in the criminal codes of the Republic of China (ROC) and of … Continue reading Legalist Tradition And Criminal Law – Republic Of China vs People’s Republic Of China

Provisional Constitution Of The Republic Of China (1931)

The following text is the Provisional Constitution (約法) of the Republic of China as adopted by the National People’s Convention (國民會議) on May 12, 1931. The Provisional Constitution included Sun Yat-sen’s principle of “political tutelage”, de facto providing the Guomindang government with dictatorial powers. The Constitution remained in effect until 1936, when the government promulgated a new … Continue reading Provisional Constitution Of The Republic Of China (1931)

The Chinese Revolution of 1911 – The Founding of the Republic of China

The Chinese Revolution of 1911, also called Xinhai Revolution (辛亥革命) after the year of the Chinese calendar in which it occurred, was an uprising that led to the fall of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) and to the foundation of the Republic of China (中華民國, ROC). The revolt began on October 9th when the accidental explosion of … Continue reading The Chinese Revolution of 1911 – The Founding of the Republic of China

Voluntary Surrender and Confession in China’s Legal System – From the Empire to the People’s Republic

China’s Televised Confessions On January 17 Gui Minhai, a Chinese-born Swedish citizen, made a high-profile confession on China Central Television (CCTV), saying that he had turned himself to the authorities voluntarily. He confessed to having caused the death of a 20-year-old woman while drunk-driving back in 2003. According to China’s state media, Gui had subsequently fled … Continue reading Voluntary Surrender and Confession in China’s Legal System – From the Empire to the People’s Republic

China Wants To Extend “One Belt, One Road Initiative” To The Korean Peninsula

The People’s Republic of China (PRC) wants to extend its “One Belt, One Road Initiative” to the Korean Peninsula. Beijing’s plan comes after the historic summit between South Korean President Moon Jae-in and North Korean leader Kim Jong-un, which took place from September 18 to September 20 in Pyongyang. During the meeting the two sides … Continue reading China Wants To Extend “One Belt, One Road Initiative” To The Korean Peninsula

China Has Drawn Up Legislation To Crack Down On Religious Speech Online

The government of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) has drawn up new legislation which could further restrict religious freedom. On September 10 China’s State Administration for Religious Affairs (国家宗教事务局, SARA) released a draft Regulation for Internet Religious Information Services (互联网宗教信息服务管理办法) for public comment. The draft law restricts the free flow of online information on … Continue reading China Has Drawn Up Legislation To Crack Down On Religious Speech Online

Chinese Media Blast US Airline For Creative Solution To Differentiate China And Taiwan On Website

In July 44 airlines complied with a request made by the Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC) to abide by the so-called ‘one-China policy‘ and changed Taiwan’s name to ‘Taiwan, China‘ on their websites. However, United Airlines, which was among the companies that were required to adhere to Beijing’s demands, found a creative way to … Continue reading Chinese Media Blast US Airline For Creative Solution To Differentiate China And Taiwan On Website

China’s Economy, Unfair Trade, And The Role Of Government

    On January 16th, 2010, Chinese President Hu Jintao made a visit to the Shanghai headquarters of UnionPay. A plaque commemorating the event urges the company to “step up the effort to internationalize and strive to build UnionPay into a major global brand for bankcards”. UnionPay has only 0.5% market share globally, but it dominates … Continue reading China’s Economy, Unfair Trade, And The Role Of Government

Why Did Chiang Kai-shek Lose China? The Guomindang Regime And The Victory Of The Chinese Communist Party

“Reports of lost battles swirl in like falling snow,” wrote Chiang Kai-shek at the end of 1948. “North China and the below-the-wall region are on the brink of collapse. I do not feel guilty. I tried my best” (quoted in: Jay Taylor,  The Generalissimo: Chiang Kai-shek and the Struggle for Modern China, 2009, p. 397). … Continue reading Why Did Chiang Kai-shek Lose China? The Guomindang Regime And The Victory Of The Chinese Communist Party