Freedom or despotism? – Autocratic governance and laissez-faire in Imperial China

China is ... a despotic state, whose principle is fear. Perhaps in the earliest dynasties, when the empire had not so large an extent, the government might have deviated a little from this spirit; but the case is otherwise at present. (Charles De Secondat Montesquieu, The Spirit of Laws) During the Manchu dynasty ... [t]he … Continue reading Freedom or despotism? – Autocratic governance and laissez-faire in Imperial China

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China removes from school textbooks story of first anti-government uprising during the Qin Dynasty

The Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China (PRC) has reportedly removed from middle school textbooks references to the Dazexiang Uprising (209 BC), also known as the Chen Sheng Wu Guang Uprising (陳勝吳廣起義 / 陈胜吴广起义). Previously the national unified middle school textbooks on Chinese language and literature, compiled by the Ministry of Education … Continue reading China removes from school textbooks story of first anti-government uprising during the Qin Dynasty